Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. Critical thinking is self-directed , self-disciplined , self- monitored , and self- corrective thinking. It entails effective communication and problem-solving abilities as well as a commitment to overcome native egocentrism   and sociocentrism. The earliest records of critical thinking are the teachings of Socrates recorded by Plato. These included a part in Plato's early dialogues, where Socrates engages with one or more interlocutors on the issue of ethics such as question whether it was right for Socrates to escape from prison. Socrates established the fact that one cannot depend upon those in "authority" to have sound knowledge and insight.
Teaching Strategies to Promote Critical Thinking
Critical Thinking Lesson Plans: High School, Middle School, Elementary
7 Simple and Effective Critical Thinking Strategies That Really Work
Experts agree that in keeping up with the ever-changing technological advances, students will need to obtain, understand, and analyze information on a much more efficient scale. It is our job as educators to equip our students with the strategies and skills they need to think critically in order to cope with these tech problems and obstacles they face elsewhere. Fortunately, teachers can use a number of techniques that can help students learn critical thinking, even for children enrolled in kindergarten. Traditionally, elementary teachers prepare templates for art projects before they give it to their students. By doing so, it levels the creative playing field and can, in some ways, help the classroom run more smoothly.
One of the main 21st century components that teachers want their students to use is higher-order thinking. This is when students use complex ways to think about what they are learning. Higher-order thinking takes thinking to a whole new level. Students using it are understanding higher levels rather than just memorizing facts.